nginx1.10.0+mysql5.7.16+php7.0.13安装教程



一、准备
1、zlib zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz(http://www.zlib.net)
2、pcre pcre-8.36.tar.bz2(http://www.pcre.org/)
3、openssl openssl-1.0.1j.tar.gz(http://www.openssl.org/)
4、nginx nginx-1.10.0.tar.gz(http://nginx.org/en/download.html)
5、mysql mysql-boost-5.7.16.tar.gz(http://cdn.mysql.com//Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-boost-5.7.16.tar.gz)
6、php php-7.0.13.tar.gz(http://php.net/downloads.php)
(约定:所有的源码放在目录 /home/yuanjun/src,所有的操作权限都是在root权限下进行)

二、安装NGINX
#cd /home/yuanjun/src
1、安装zlib
#tar zxf zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
#cd zlib-1.2.8
#./configure --static --prefix=/usr/local/zlib
#make
#make install
#cd ../

2、安装openssl
#tar zxf openssl-1.0.1j.tar.gz
#cd openssl-1.0.1j
#./config --prefix=/usr/local/openssl -L/usr/local/zlib/lib -I/usr/local/zlib/include threads zlib enable-static-engine
#make
#make install
#cd ../

3、安装pcre
#tar jxf pcre-8.36.tar.bz2
#cd pcre-8.36
#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pcre
#make
#make install
#cd ../

4、安装nginx
#tar zxf nginx-1.10.0.tar.gz
#cd nginx-1.10.0
#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/local/nginx/nginx --conf-path=/usr/local/nginx/nginx.conf --pid-path=/usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid --with-openssl=../openssl-1.0.1j --with-zlib=../zlib-1.2.8 --with-pcre=../pcre-8.36 --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_ssl_module
#make
#make install
#cd ../

三、配置
1、配置nginx.conf
#vim /usr/local/nginx/nginx.conf
打开nginx.conf文件,其内容如下:
#user nobody;
worker_processes 1;

#error_log logs/error.log;
#error_log logs/error.log notice;
#error_log logs/error.log info;

#pid logs/nginx.pid;


events {
worker_connections 1024;
}


http {
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

#log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
# '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
# '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

#access_log logs/access.log main;

sendfile on;
#tcp_nopush on;

#keepalive_timeout 0;
keepalive_timeout 65;

#gzip on;

server {
listen 80; //监听端口
server_name localhost; //服务器名

#charset koi8-r;

#access_log logs/host.access.log main;

location / {
root html; //web根目录
index index.html index.htm; //首页支持语言
}

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}

# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}


# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
#
#server {
# listen 8000;
# listen somename:8080;
# server_name somename alias another.alias;

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}


# HTTPS server
#
#server {
# listen 443 ssl;
# server_name localhost;

# ssl_certificate cert.pem;
# ssl_certificate_key cert.key;

# ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;
# ssl_session_timeout 5m;

# ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
# ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}

}

进行以上配置之后,打开nginx服务
#/usr/local/nginx/nginx
这样服务器就打开了,在本机浏览器输入localhost,即可看见nginx的欢迎页面
如果想要关闭nginx服务,则输入以下命令:
#/usr/local/nginx/ -s stop

2、配置防火墙
如果想要外网能够访问我们的web服务,则需要添加防火墙规则
#vim /etc/sysconfig/iptables
加入以下规则:
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
#/etc/init.d/iptables restart #重启防火墙使其配置生效
这样,就可以从外网访问我们的web服务了

centos7:
查看80端口:# firewall-cmd --query-port=80/tcp
开启80端口:# firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=80/tcp --permanent

3、加入系统服务
vim /etc/init.d/nginx
加入以下内容:
#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config: /usr/local/nginx/nginx.conf
# config: /usr/local/nginx/nginx
# pidfile: /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

# 这里要根据实际情况修改
nginx="/usr/local/nginx/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)

# 这里要根据实际情况修改
NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/nginx.conf"

[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx

start() {
[ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
[ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc $prog -QUIT
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
killall -9 nginx
}

restart() {
configtest || return $?
stop
sleep 1
start
}

reload() {
configtest || return $?
echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
killproc $nginx -HUP
RETVAL=$?
echo
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

configtest() {
$nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}

rh_status() {
status $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart|configtest)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
exit 2
esac

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/nginx
chkconfig nginx on
chkconfig --list

启动nginx:service nginx start
停止nginx:service nginx stop
重启nginx服务:service nginx reload


四、安装 mysql5.7.16:
# yum install cmake
# tar zxf mysql-5.7.16.tar.gz
# cd mysql-5.7.16
# cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_READLINE=1 -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DMYSQL_USER=mysql -DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 -DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1 -DWITH_BOOST=/home/yuanjun/src/mysql-5.7.16/boost
#make
#make install

# groupadd mysql
# useradd -r -g mysql -s /bin/false mysql
# cd /usr/local
# tar zxvf /path/to/mysql-VERSION-OS.tar.gz
# ln -s full-path-to-mysql-VERSION-OS mysql
# cd mysql
# mkdir mysql-files
# chmod 750 mysql-files
# chown -R mysql .
# chgrp -R mysql .
# bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql # Before MySQL 5.7.6
# bin/mysqld --initialize --user=mysql # MySQL 5.7.6 and up
# bin/mysql_ssl_rsa_setup # MySQL 5.7.6 and up
# chown -R root .
# chown -R mysql data mysql-files
# bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &
# Next command is optional
# cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
# ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin
# service mysql start

启动mysql:service mysql start
停止mysql: service mysql stop
重启mysql: service mysql restart
mysql password : 111111


五、安装 php7.0.13:
#yum -y install libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel pcre-devel
#yum -y install curl-devel
#yum -y install libxslt-devel
#tar zxf php-7.0.13.tar.gz
#cd php-7.0.13
#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \
--with-curl \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-gd \
--with-gettext \
--with-iconv-dir \
--with-kerberos \
--with-libdir=lib64 \
--with-libxml-dir \
--with-mysqli \
--with-openssl \
--with-pcre-regex \
--with-pdo-mysql \
--with-pdo-sqlite \
--with-pear \
--with-png-dir \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-xmlrpc \
--with-xsl \
--with-zlib \
--enable-fpm \
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-libxml \
--enable-inline-optimization \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--enable-mbregex \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-opcache \
--enable-pcntl \
--enable-shmop \
--enable-soap \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-sysvsem \
--enable-xml \
--enable-zip

#make && make install
#
#cp php.ini-development /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini
#cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
#cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
#cp -R ./sapi/fpm/php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm

在配置的时候如果报错:error: Cannot find OpenSSL's,请输入以下命令安装openssl库:
#yum install openssl openssl-devel
启动
# /etc/init.d/php-fpm
将php-fpm加入系统自启动
#vim /etc/init.d/php-fpm
替换内容为:
#! /bin/sh

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides: php-fpm
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $network
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $network
# Default-Start: 2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts php-fpm
# Description: starts the PHP FastCGI Process Manager daemon
### END INIT INFO

prefix=/usr/local/php
exec_prefix=${prefix}

php_fpm_BIN=${exec_prefix}/sbin/php-fpm
php_fpm_CONF=${prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
php_fpm_PID=${prefix}/var/run/php-fpm.pid


php_opts="--fpm-config $php_fpm_CONF --pid $php_fpm_PID"


wait_for_pid () {
try=0

while test $try -lt 35 ; do

case "$1" in
'created')
if [ -f "$2" ] ; then
try=''
break
fi
;;

'removed')
if [ ! -f "$2" ] ; then
try=''
break
fi
;;
esac

echo -n .
try=`expr $try + 1`
sleep 1

done

}

case "$1" in
start)
echo -n "Starting php-fpm "

$php_fpm_BIN --daemonize $php_opts

if [ "$?" != 0 ] ; then
echo " failed"
exit 1
fi

wait_for_pid created $php_fpm_PID

if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
echo " failed"
exit 1
else
echo " done"
fi
;;

stop)
echo -n "Gracefully shutting down php-fpm "

if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
exit 1
fi

kill -QUIT `cat $php_fpm_PID`

wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID

if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
echo " failed. Use force-quit"
exit 1
else
echo " done"
fi
;;

status)
if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
echo "php-fpm is stopped"
exit 0
fi

PID=`cat $php_fpm_PID`
if ps -p $PID | grep -q $PID; then
echo "php-fpm (pid $PID) is running..."
else
echo "php-fpm dead but pid file exists"
fi
;;

force-quit)
echo -n "Terminating php-fpm "

if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
exit 1
fi

kill -TERM `cat $php_fpm_PID`

wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID

if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
echo " failed"
exit 1
else
echo " done"
fi
;;

restart)
$0 stop
$0 start
;;

reload)

echo -n "Reload service php-fpm "

if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
exit 1
fi

kill -USR2 `cat $php_fpm_PID`

echo " done"
;;

configtest)
$php_fpm_BIN -t
;;

*)
echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|force-quit|restart|reload|status|configtest}"
exit 1
;;

esac

加入系统服务
#chmod 755 /etc/init.d/php-fpm
#chkconfig --add php-fpm
#chkconfig php-fpm on

控制自己.jpg

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